Long term provision of ecosystem services


  1. Estimate ES provision at stand scale based on experimental data covering different levels of stand (structural and compositional) heterogeneity;
  2. Simulate the effect of risk resilient forest management alternatives on the reduction of vulnerability of ES provision at stand scale;
  3. Project and forecast the vulnerability of ES provision on larger spatio-temporal scales through a modelling approach using various scenarios;



Task 4.1 Analysis of ES provision

Task 4.2 Scenario analysis of risk resilient silvicultural options

Task 4.3. Modelling ES provision in the long-run

Task 4.4. Large scale approach to prioritize risk-resilient forest management